In the area of research the institute is contributing to the development of health and population policies, strategies, programme monitoring, evaluation and generation of new knowledge. Over the years there has been an expansion in the nature and scope of projects and research studies undertaken by the Institute. The range is wide; from studies involving survey and data generation to exploratory and impact studies of health services and programmes. The Institute entered into policy research and development in a major way, influencing policy making at the state and central government levels. Some of the projects are interpretative in nature and have come up with new interpretations of ground reality.
Developing managerial and leadership skills at various levels in health care, including hospitals, is an important mission of the Institute. The Institute's capacity building programme has laid particular emphasis on strengthening technical and managerial capacity building of programme officials, NGOs and researchers working at different levels in India and other countries in the South- Asia region. Over the years, it has acquired the distinction of an apex training institute in the country.
The Institute offers a two-year full-time Postgraduate Programme in Hospital and Health Management (PGDHM) with specialization in Hospital Management, Health Management and Pharmaceutical Management. This educational programme aims at developing trained professional managers with requisite skills in planning and operating management techniques; diagnosing and solving management problems; and acquiring consultancy skills, with a view to preparing them to manage hospitals, pharmaceutical and healthcare institutions in developing countries, both in the public and the private sectors, and to meet the rising demand for quality care.